Guide

Good to know when you’re investing in EV charging

Commercial properties

As a property owner, what should I bear in mind?

We’ve made great technical advances and these days it’s easier and cheaper to install charging systems. More and more property owners are showcasing their pioneering credentials and contributing to a better climate by offering their tenants EV charging. The green factor plays a part in the choice of premises for many companies. We’re all aware that we must reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the Swedish vehicle park. Sweden’s property owners have an enormously important part to play in the transition to electrification. Investing in charging systems is the only way to go, not only business wise, but also in terms of the environment.

Pollare

Because different EVs have different connectors, it’s important to plan the type or types of charging connectors to offer. The EU has decided that the Type 2 connector will be the standard for normal and semi-fast charging. The CCS connector will be the standard for fast charging. Follow these guidelines and you can’t go wrong.

The right way to prepare for your investment in a super-smart charging system

Setting up a charging system is a simple process when done in the correct order. Planning, procurement, installation and maintenance. Before you begin the procurement process and apply for planning permission, you need to check the items below. If you need guidance, we’ll be happy to help.

  • Make sure everyone involved such as the landowner, parking companies and the municipality is in agreement.
  • Decide on the right charging speed and connectors. Also, consider profiling and peripheral equipment for the charging system.
  • Find the best place for the charging system. Consider who should have access.
  • Decide on how customers should have access to charging, e.g. via a mobile app, code or RFID tag. Or should they be open to the public?
  • Decide on how to take payment or if charging should be free.

If there’s one thing we have no control over in Sweden it’s the weather, and as you know it can get pretty cold here. That’s why we use equipment that is tested for our climate. And you avoid charging cables that have frozen stiff.

The application must be signed by an authorised company signatory.

Once you have submitted a preliminary application, you have 12 months in which to complete the measures. Once the measures are completed, the final application must be submitted within 3 months.

You can apply for the grant before or after the installation is completed. If the application is made after the installation is completed, it must be lodged with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency within six months of the installation’s completion date.

If the application is made after completion of the installation, the application for payment must be submitted no later than three months from the date of the decision.

The charging station must be installed at a residence or place of work. The principal users must be the occupants of the residence or employees at the place of work. The charging stations may be used by visitors and others to a certain extent.

Grants may only be made for charging points installed on a property owned or lawfully occupied by the applicant.

The installation must be performed by an electrical installation company or electrical installer as intended by the Swedish Electrical Safety Act, i.e. a trader who carries out electrical installation works in a professional capacity and where the installer is authorised to carry out such works.
The grant is paid as a lump sum. The maximum possible grant is 50 per cent of the eligible cost, however not more than SEK 15,000 per charging point.
Eligible cost refers to the material and labour costs required to install the charging point, such as the cost of charging posts or charging boxes, cable laying, installation works and mains connection.

Labour costs eligible for a grant apply only to those works carried out by a person approved for F-tax (sole trader tax).

The application for payment and the required appendices must be lodged with the Swedish EPA within three months of completion of the installation.

If the installation was already completed when the application was submitted, the application for payment and the required appendices must be lodged with the EPA no later than three months from the decision date.

The decision to approve the grant is valid for a maximum of one year. This means the costs must be verified within one year.

APPLY HERE

Tenant-owner associations

Why should you, as a tenant-owner associations, invest in an electric car charging system? And what should you think about?

As the number of EVs rises, so too does the need for charging points. And the best charging location is where you usually park. It’s why more and more tenant-owner associations are investing in charging points so that all of the association’s residents can have access to charging.

Here are a few other reasons why tenant-owner associations should install charging points for EVs and plug-in hybrid EVs.

Ladduttag

More and more people are choosing EVs, and the best place to charge them is at home where they usually park. It’s safe, secure and convenient.

All you need to do is run a power cable and install the charging system. It’s a simple job performed by a certified electrical installer. It’s important to check with your power company whether there is sufficient output available in the property and/or the area.

You can apply to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency for financial support with half of the investment cost. You can recoup the rest of the cost by raising the parking fee. A smart climate investment at no additional cost to the association.

Many associations have already installed charging points and many are planning to increase the number of points. It’s a good idea to contact an association that’s already installed charging points for help and advice. We promise, there’s a great deal of interest.

As many estate agents will confirm, there is greater interest among potential buyers for associations with charging points.

There are many advantages in being one step ahead. It can be a problem if an association is unable to provide charging facilities. There is a risk of fire when charging via a regular wall plug, and of ugly alterations to the ground and external walls when residents perform the work at their own expense.

Review the association’s requirement and think long-term so that your solution can grow as the demand for charging increases. Check the property’s fusing. If you lack this information, the electrical mains owner can help you.

Compared to a house, calculating electricity consumption in a tenant-owner association is a little more difficult. But there are various ways. Smart charging systems have software that keeps tabs on who is charging and their electricity consumption. Some charging systems can even take care of billing. Otherwise, it’s easy for the association to calculate each member’s consumption from the charging system and then invoice this. If the charging system cannot meter consumption, the association can add a standard charge for electricity to the garage rent, or members can sign their own agreement with their electricity provider.

The ‘Ladda bilen’ (Charge your car) investment subsidy from the Swedish EPA is aimed at tenant-owner associations and jointly owned properties that wish to install charging points for their own personal use.

The application must always be made in two steps.

  1. The application for a grant
  2. Request for payment

Always begin with an application in which you provide the estimated cost for the measures and the property in which the charging devices will be installed.

The EPA’s decision states whether or not the grant for the measures is approved. In order to request payment, you must first receive approval. The grant remains in the system until you submit the ‘Request for payment’ form, however not for more than 12 months.

APPLY HERE

Jointly owned properties

When a jointly owned property forms a shared parking facility, the National Land Survey draws up a facility order. It describes such things as which buildings may use the parking facility, its size and details such as the ability to connect charging stations.

Facility orders control what jointly owned properties may do with their installations. Unfortunately, it’s not possible to draw any general conclusions as to whether the charging points are included among permitted measures. Every jointly owned property’s facility order must be interpreted individually.

If you’re uncertain what the existing facility order includes, you can request a property definition order from the National Land Survey. This means the National Land Survey will make a legally binding interpretation if the desired changes are within the scope of the jointly owned property’s existing facility order.

laddstolpe

An association can resolve to install EV charging at its general meeting. However, any decision should also be backed up with an assurance from the National Land Survey that the facility order includes EV charging. Without such an assurance, a member may subsequently dispute the decision and a court may annul it.

If the jointly owned property’s facility order does not cover EV charging, the association may apply to the National Land Survey for a review. The chances of getting a review increase if everyone is in agreement about making the change and for charging stations to be included in the facility.

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At home

What are the advantages of installing an EV charging system at home?

Over the past 12 months, the number of EVs has increased by more than 140 per cent in Sweden. Many people still believe that installing your own charger is complicated and expensive. But a great deal has happened technologically in recent years, making it both easier and cheaper to charge EVs at home.

Having a fixed installation at home is convenient.
Because the charger senses output via the main circuit breaker, your house will be smarter and so will your total electrical situation. It means you will no longer have to increase your circuit breaker size and raise your basic electricity charge just because you own a chargeable vehicle. The charger simply balances the load for the entire household.

Connected chargers make smart functions possible.
When you purchase a connected charger you can be sure your installation is future-proofed. And the socket, the physical Type 2 connector, is of the European standard that will be mandatory in the future. As a supplier, we will also continue developing services in addition to those available in the cloud. In the future, this will allow you to control your charging based on the electricity price.

Fully charging an EV can take 10–11 hours using a regular electrical socket. In principle, this means you must charge your car from the moment you get home until it’s time to leave for work the following morning. This leaves no room for running other errands. A conventional electrical socket is not able to fully provide the right electrical capacity. There is a risk that your battery will be empty when it’s time to leave for work. Or you can install a charging system and get a good night’s sleep before driving to work the next day with a fully charged battery. Why take the risk?

Driving an EV is kinder on the wallet than a fossil-fuelled car. But if you don’t have your own charging system it’s easy to end up in a downward spiral. When you charge your car at charging stations that lack efficient charging, where the system is poorly optimised and charging costs quickly get out of hand, you soon lose control of your charging costs.

The National Electrical Safety Board advises against regular charging through conventional wall sockets and engine heater sockets.

  • Because old or defective connections and cable outlets in a property can overheat under load, which in turn may lead to fire, you should let an electrical installation company check your electrical installation.
  • Conventional wall sockets and engine heater sockets (Schuko) are not designed for EV charging and cannot cope with recurrent high loads over time; therefore always limit charging to 8-10A and hang the control box from a hook.
  • Extension leads must not be used as there is a risk that the fuse will not offer proper protection. Also, if the control box or extension lead ends up on the ground, they can easily be damaged. Never use equipment between the socket and the charger cable.

Different rechargeable vehicles uses different connectors, so it’s obviously important that the charging station connector is the right one for your car. But in principle, the following applies: Type 1 and Type 2 connectors are for normal charging, while CCS and CHAdeMO connectors are used for fast charging. The EU has stipulated that Type 2 and CCS connectors will be the standards. Make sure the charging station meets the Mode 3 safety level, also an EU standard.

Yes, but it’s not recommended as there are safety risks. But if you have access to an engine heater socket in your house or through the landlord you’re well on your way to safely charging your EV. In fact, it’s relatively easy to remove the engine heater post and replace it with a charging station instead.

Economic support is available through the government environmental initiative when you install an EV charging system. Private individuals who own or lawfully occupy a property may apply for a grant for an EV charging station.

The charging station must be installed in a property the applicant owns or lawfully occupies. If you live in a property you do not own, you must append verification from the property owner that you have permission to install a charging station on the property. This could e.g. be a certificate from the board of the tenant-owner association.

The grant covers half of the cost of materials including the charging station and the labour costs for installing it. The maximum grant per property is SEK 10,000. According to the Swedish EPA, the term ‘property’ refers to the designation in the Land Register.

Example: If you live in an apartment block, you share the property designation with your neighbours. The Swedish EPA may only pay out SEK 10,000 per property.

Remember to save all your receipts. You will need them when you submit your application for a grant.

Submit your application here

As of the new year it will be cheaper to buy and install a charging box at home. The green deduction works in precisely the same way as the RUT and ROT deduction for certain repair works and conversions etc. This means you no longer need to apply for a grant from the Swedish EPA retroactively as the deduction is already made when you receive your invoice.

A short glossary for EV enthusiasts

EV

Electric vehicle; the designation for a vehicle that uses electric motors instead of a conventional internal combustion engine.

Charging box

A simple form of wall-mounted charging station primarily produced for normal charging in EVs at home.

Output

The amount of energy per unit of time transferred while charging a battery electric vehicle. The unit for output is the kilowatt, kW.

Plug-in hybrid

A vehicle with two different types of engines, one of which is an electric motor. The plug-in hybrid’s electric motors take power from a battery that is charged from the mains.

Range

The distance a battery electric vehicle can travel on a single charge. Range is affected by e.g. topography, temperature, speed and acceleration.

Range anxiety

The fear of running out of charge in a battery electric vehicle before reaching the next charging station.

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